博客> 超简单!!! iOS设置状态栏、导航栏按钮、标题、颜色、透明度,偏移等
超简单!!! iOS设置状态栏、导航栏按钮、标题、颜色、透明度,偏移等
1小时前 评论:0 阅读:33 wangruidev
oc swift navigationBar NavigationController scroll alpha navigaton

1. 要实现以下这些效果都非常简单

我.png

2. 废话不多说,先看看实现效果

静态效果图.png

3. 下面告诉你我为什么说实现这些效果非常简单

比如说要实现蚂蚁森林的导航栏效果(有以下几个需求):

  • 刚进入导航栏透明、两边按钮和文字都是白色、状态栏也是白色
  • 向上滚动后导航栏背景由透明逐渐变成白色
  • 当超过某一点后,标题变成黑色、状态栏变成黑色、两边按钮变成蓝色

实现步骤: 3.1. 实现刚进入导航栏透明、两边按钮和文字都是白色、状态栏也是白色

- (void)viewDidLoad
{
    [super viewDidLoad];
    // 设置导航栏颜色为白色    
    [self wr_setNavBarBarTintColor:[UIColor whiteColor]];
    // 设置导航栏透明度为0
    [self wr_setNavBarBackgroundAlpha:0];
}

3.2. 实现剩下两个需求

- (void)scrollViewDidScroll:(UIScrollView *)scrollView
{
    CGFloat offsetY = scrollView.contentOffset.y;

    if (offsetY > NAVBAR_COLORCHANGE_POINT)
    {
        CGFloat alpha = (offsetY - NAVBAR_COLORCHANGE_POINT) / NAV_HEIGHT;
        // 向上滚动后导航栏背景由透明逐渐变成白色
        [self wr_setNavBarBackgroundAlpha:alpha];
        if (alpha > 0.5) {
            // 当超过某一点后,两边按钮变成蓝色
            [self wr_setNavBarTintColor:[UIColor colorWithRed:0 green:0.478431 blue:1 alpha:1.0]];
            // 标题变成黑色
            [self wr_setNavBarTitleColor:[UIColor blackColor]];
            // 状态栏变成黑色
            [self wr_setStatusBarStyle:UIStatusBarStyleDefault];
        } else {
            // 当没有超过某点,上面属性还原
            [self wr_setNavBarTintColor:[UIColor whiteColor]];
            [self wr_setNavBarTitleColor:[UIColor whiteColor]];
            [self wr_setStatusBarStyle:UIStatusBarStyleLightContent];
        }
    }
    else
    {
        [self wr_setNavBarBackgroundAlpha:0];
        [self wr_setNavBarTintColor:[UIColor whiteColor]];
        [self wr_setNavBarTitleColor:[UIColor whiteColor]];
        [self wr_setStatusBarStyle:UIStatusBarStyleLightContent];
    }
}

3.3. 发现没有,改变相关属性只要一句代码就完全搞定了!!!

// 一行代码搞定导航栏颜色
[self wr_setNavBarBarTintColor:[UIColor whiteColor]];
// 一行代码搞定导航栏透明度
[self wr_setNavBarBackgroundAlpha:alpha];
// 一行代码搞定导航栏两边按钮颜色
[self wr_setNavBarTintColor:[UIColor whiteColor]];
// 一行代码搞定导航栏上标题颜色
[self wr_setNavBarTitleColor:[UIColor whiteColor]];
// 一行代码搞定状态栏是 default 还是 lightContent
[self wr_setStatusBarStyle:UIStatusBarStyleLightContent];

3.4. 说了这么多,看看几句代码能否实现我们需要的效果吧 image

3.5. 有人可能会问:这只是在一个界面里面,但是涉及到push、pop、右滑手势怎么办呢? 答:没关系,我已经给你处理好了,你不用写一句代码!!!那么看看效果吧 image

4. 好了,说了这么多接下来看看如何实现的吧

4.1 实现导航栏透明渐变就很简单了,网上一找一大堆,大部分都是通过加一层的方法来实现(在这里就是加一个view到navigationBar上)

// set navigationBar barTintColor
- (void)wr_setBackgroundColor:(UIColor *)color
{
    if (self.backgroundView == nil)
    {
        // add a image(nil color) to _UIBarBackground make it clear
        [self setBackgroundImage:[UIImage new] forBarMetrics:UIBarMetricsDefault];
        self.backgroundView = [[UIView alloc] initWithFrame:CGRectMake(0, 0, CGRectGetWidth(self.bounds), kWRNavBarBottom)];
        // _UIBarBackground is first subView for navigationBar
        [self.subviews.firstObject insertSubview:self.backgroundView atIndex:0];
    }
    self.backgroundView.backgroundColor = color;
}

// set _UIBarBackground alpha (_UIBarBackground subviews alpha <= _UIBarBackground alpha)
- (void)wr_setBackgroundAlpha:(CGFloat)alpha
{
    UIView *barBackgroundView = self.subviews.firstObject;
    barBackgroundView.alpha = alpha;
}

4.2 你以为就这样结束了吗,来看看下面的问题,当由透明的导航栏右滑到不透明的导航栏看看会出现什么情况?

未处理右滑返回手势

4.3 处理右滑返回手势问题

我们都知道,导航栏是属于导航控制器的,一个导航栏不可能出现两个颜色,那么右滑突兀怎么解决呢?两个方法,一个方法是自定义导航栏(后面会说),另一个方法是改变导航栏颜色,我们假设当前控制器为fromVC,返回的控制器为toVC,如果可以实现从 fromVC 右滑到 toVC 导航栏颜色渐变那么问题就解决了!但是导航栏只有一个颜色啊~~~怎么办? 同样,可以通过加一层的方法来解决。我们可以记录一下 fromVC消失前对应的导航栏颜色 和 toVC 当前的导航栏颜色,然后根据右滑进度percentComplete,来计算渐变色,这样问题就解决了!

记录ViewController对应导航栏的颜色和透明度

// navigationBar barTintColor
- (UIColor *)wr_navBarBarTintColor
{
    UIColor *barTintColor = (UIColor *)objc_getAssociatedObject(self, &kWRNavBarBarTintColorKey);
    return (barTintColor != nil) ? barTintColor : [UIColor defaultNavBarBarTintColor];
}
- (void)wr_setNavBarBarTintColor:(UIColor *)color
{
    objc_setAssociatedObject(self, &kWRNavBarBarTintColorKey, color, OBJC_ASSOCIATION_RETAIN_NONATOMIC);
    if ([[self wr_customNavBar] isKindOfClass:[UINavigationBar class]])
    {
        UINavigationBar *navBar = (UINavigationBar *)[self wr_customNavBar];
        [navBar wr_setBackgroundColor:color];
    }
    else
    {
        if ([self pushToCurrentVCFinished] == YES && [self pushToNextVCFinished] == NO) {
            [self.navigationController setNeedsNavigationBarUpdateForBarTintColor:color];
        }
    }
}

// navigationBar _UIBarBackground alpha
- (CGFloat)wr_navBarBackgroundAlpha
{
    id barBackgroundAlpha = objc_getAssociatedObject(self, &kWRNavBarBackgroundAlphaKey);
    return (barBackgroundAlpha != nil) ? [barBackgroundAlpha floatValue] : [UIColor defaultNavBarBackgroundAlpha];

}
- (void)wr_setNavBarBackgroundAlpha:(CGFloat)alpha
{
    objc_setAssociatedObject(self, &kWRNavBarBackgroundAlphaKey, @(alpha), OBJC_ASSOCIATION_RETAIN_NONATOMIC);
    if ([[self wr_customNavBar] isKindOfClass:[UINavigationBar class]])
    {
        UINavigationBar *navBar = (UINavigationBar *)[self wr_customNavBar];
        [navBar wr_setBackgroundAlpha:alpha];
    }
    else
    {
        if ([self pushToCurrentVCFinished] == YES && [self pushToNextVCFinished] == NO) {
            [self.navigationController setNeedsNavigationBarUpdateForBarBackgroundAlpha:alpha];
        }
    }
}

交换系统方法 _updateInteractiveTransition(监控右滑返回手势的进度)

// swizzling system method: _updateInteractiveTransition
- (void)wr_updateInteractiveTransition:(CGFloat)percentComplete
{
    UIViewController *fromVC = [self.topViewController.transitionCoordinator viewControllerForKey:UITransitionContextFromViewControllerKey];
    UIViewController *toVC = [self.topViewController.transitionCoordinator viewControllerForKey:UITransitionContextToViewControllerKey];
    [self updateNavigationBarWithFromVC:fromVC toVC:toVC progress:percentComplete];

    [self wr_updateInteractiveTransition:percentComplete];
}

根据 fromVC 与 toVC 的导航栏颜色 配合 返回手势进度计算渐变色

+ (UIColor *)middleColor:(UIColor *)fromColor toColor:(UIColor *)toColor percent:(CGFloat)percent
{
    CGFloat fromRed = 0;
    CGFloat fromGreen = 0;
    CGFloat fromBlue = 0;
    CGFloat fromAlpha = 0;
    [fromColor getRed:&fromRed green:&fromGreen blue:&fromBlue alpha:&fromAlpha];

    CGFloat toRed = 0;
    CGFloat toGreen = 0;
    CGFloat toBlue = 0;
    CGFloat toAlpha = 0;
    [toColor getRed:&toRed green:&toGreen blue:&toBlue alpha:&toAlpha];

    CGFloat newRed = fromRed + (toRed - fromRed) * percent;
    CGFloat newGreen = fromGreen + (toGreen - fromGreen) * percent;
    CGFloat newBlue = fromBlue + (toBlue - fromBlue) * percent;
    CGFloat newAlpha = fromAlpha + (toAlpha - fromAlpha) * percent;
    return [UIColor colorWithRed:newRed green:newGreen blue:newBlue alpha:newAlpha];
}

改变导航栏颜色和透明度

- (void)updateNavigationBarWithFromVC:(UIViewController *)fromVC toVC:(UIViewController *)toVC progress:(CGFloat)progress
{
    // change navBarBarTintColor
    UIColor *fromBarTintColor = [fromVC wr_navBarBarTintColor];
    UIColor *toBarTintColor = [toVC wr_navBarBarTintColor];
    UIColor *newBarTintColor = [UIColor middleColor:fromBarTintColor toColor:toBarTintColor percent:progress];
    [self setNeedsNavigationBarUpdateForBarTintColor:newBarTintColor];

    // change navBarTintColor
    UIColor *fromTintColor = [fromVC wr_navBarTintColor];
    UIColor *toTintColor = [toVC wr_navBarTintColor];
    UIColor *newTintColor = [UIColor middleColor:fromTintColor toColor:toTintColor percent:progress];
    [self setNeedsNavigationBarUpdateForTintColor:newTintColor];

    // change navBarTitleColor
    UIColor *fromTitleColor = [fromVC wr_navBarTitleColor];
    UIColor *toTitleColor = [toVC wr_navBarTitleColor];
    UIColor *newTitleColor = [UIColor middleColor:fromTitleColor toColor:toTitleColor percent:progress];
    [self setNeedsNavigationBarUpdateForTitleColor:newTitleColor];

    // change navBar _UIBarBackground alpha
    CGFloat fromBarBackgroundAlpha = [fromVC wr_navBarBackgroundAlpha];
    CGFloat toBarBackgroundAlpha = [toVC wr_navBarBackgroundAlpha];
    CGFloat newBarBackgroundAlpha = [UIColor middleAlpha:fromBarBackgroundAlpha toAlpha:toBarBackgroundAlpha percent:progress];
    [self setNeedsNavigationBarUpdateForBarBackgroundAlpha:newBarBackgroundAlpha];
}

好了!来看看处理后的效果吧,是不是好多了呢~

处理右滑返回手势后

4.4 别高兴的太早,还有其他问题。在右滑返回手势的过程中,导航栏颜色和透明度会根据手势变化而变化。但是一旦松手,系统会自动完成或取消返回操作。导致透明度停留在最后的那个状态。

未处理右滑中断

4.5 咱们来处理右滑返回手势中断的问题吧~

通过遵守UINavigationBarDelegate协议,实现 optional public func navigationBar(_ navigationBar: UINavigationBar, shouldPop item: UINavigationItem) -> Bool // same as push methods 方法来监听右滑返回手势中断的情况

- (BOOL)navigationBar:(UINavigationBar *)navigationBar shouldPopItem:(UINavigationItem *)item
{
    __weak typeof (self) weakSelf = self;
    id<UIViewControllerTransitionCoordinator> coor = [self.topViewController transitionCoordinator];
    if ([coor initiallyInteractive] == YES)
    {
        NSString *sysVersion = [[UIDevice currentDevice] systemVersion];
        if ([sysVersion floatValue] >= 10)
        {
            [coor notifyWhenInteractionChangesUsingBlock:^(id<UIViewControllerTransitionCoordinatorContext>  _Nonnull context) {
                __strong typeof (self) pThis = weakSelf;
                [pThis dealInteractionChanges:context];
            }];
        }
        else
        {
            [coor notifyWhenInteractionEndsUsingBlock:^(id<UIViewControllerTransitionCoordinatorContext>  _Nonnull context) {
                __strong typeof (self) pThis = weakSelf;
                [pThis dealInteractionChanges:context];
            }];
        }
        return YES;
    }

    NSUInteger itemCount = self.navigationBar.items.count;
    NSUInteger n = self.viewControllers.count >= itemCount ? 2 : 1;
    UIViewController *popToVC = self.viewControllers[self.viewControllers.count - n];
    [self popToViewController:popToVC animated:YES];
    return YES;
}

// deal the gesture of return break off
- (void)dealInteractionChanges:(id<UIViewControllerTransitionCoordinatorContext>)context
{
    void (^animations) (UITransitionContextViewControllerKey) = ^(UITransitionContextViewControllerKey key){
        UIColor *curColor = [[context viewControllerForKey:key] wr_navBarBarTintColor];
        CGFloat curAlpha = [[context viewControllerForKey:key] wr_navBarBackgroundAlpha];
        [self setNeedsNavigationBarUpdateForBarTintColor:curColor];
        [self setNeedsNavigationBarUpdateForBarBackgroundAlpha:curAlpha];
    };

    // after that, cancel the gesture of return
    if ([context isCancelled] == YES)
    {
        double cancelDuration = [context transitionDuration] * [context percentComplete];
        [UIView animateWithDuration:cancelDuration animations:^{
            animations(UITransitionContextFromViewControllerKey);
        }];
    }
    else
    {
        // after that, finish the gesture of return
        double finishDuration = [context transitionDuration] * (1 - [context percentComplete]);
        [UIView animateWithDuration:finishDuration animations:^{
            animations(UITransitionContextToViewControllerKey);
        }];
    }
}

处理后:

处理右滑中断后

4.5 同样,push和pop也要处理一下 ~

但是push和pop我们拿不到进度怎么办呢?处理办法是,通过交换方法,自己实现给push和pop添加进度。

// MARK: swizzling push
static CGFloat wrPushDuration = 0.10;
static int wrPushDisplayCount = 0;
- (CGFloat)wrPushProgress
{
    CGFloat all = 60 * wrPushDuration;
    int current = MIN(all, wrPushDisplayCount);
    return current / all;
}

// swizzling system method: pushViewController
- (void)wr_pushViewController:(UIViewController *)viewController animated:(BOOL)animated
{
    __block CADisplayLink *displayLink = [CADisplayLink displayLinkWithTarget:self selector:@selector(pushNeedDisplay)];
    [displayLink addToRunLoop:[NSRunLoop mainRunLoop] forMode:NSDefaultRunLoopMode];
    [CATransaction setCompletionBlock:^{
        [displayLink invalidate];
        displayLink = nil;
        wrPushDisplayCount = 0;
        [viewController setPushToCurrentVCFinished:YES];
    }];
    [CATransaction setAnimationDuration:wrPushDuration];
    [CATransaction begin];
    [self wr_pushViewController:viewController animated:animated];
    [CATransaction commit];
}

计算push进度,并且根据进度更新导航栏颜色和透明度

// change navigationBar barTintColor smooth before push to current VC finished or before pop to current VC finished
- (void)pushNeedDisplay
{
    if (self.topViewController != nil && self.topViewController.transitionCoordinator != nil)
    {
        wrPushDisplayCount += 1;
        CGFloat pushProgress = [self wrPushProgress];
        UIViewController *fromVC = [self.topViewController.transitionCoordinator viewControllerForKey:UITransitionContextFromViewControllerKey];
        UIViewController *toVC = [self.topViewController.transitionCoordinator viewControllerForKey:UITransitionContextToViewControllerKey];
        [self updateNavigationBarWithFromVC:fromVC toVC:toVC progress:pushProgress];
    }
}

pop的设置方法也一样,具体请查看代码 WRNavigationBar_swift

4.6 以上都是改变导航栏的颜色和透明度,同样改变导航栏的按钮颜色和标题颜色,以及状态栏状态都和改变颜色一样,每个ViewController记录一下。需要改变的时候,ViewController 改变一下属性就ok了,非常方便!


那么接下来看一下其他demo的动态效果图吧~~~

新浪微博个人中心 qq空间 知乎日报 QQ我的资料页 蚂蚁森林

5. 好了,来说说前面提过的自定义导航栏吧

5.1 至于怎么自定义导航栏我就不说了,来说说如果是自定义导航栏,那怎么才能像之前一样一句代码改变导航栏属性。

经过封装,自定义导航栏只需要多写一行代码!!!

// 自定义导航栏必须设置这个属性!!!!!!!
[self wr_setCustomNavBar:self.navBar];

如果把这行代码放在基类控制器中,那么其他所有继承基类控制器都可以一句代码修改导航栏属性~~~ 看看自定义导航栏的效果吧,是不是也很棒

自定义导航栏

6. 最后看一下移动导航栏的效果

移动导航栏

实现代码

// 设置导航栏在垂直方向上平移多少距离
- (void)wr_setTranslationY:(CGFloat)translationY
{
    // CGAffineTransformMakeTranslation  平移
    self.transform = CGAffineTransformMakeTranslation(0, translationY);
}


到这里就结束

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