博客> iOS原生实现二维码拉近放大
iOS原生实现二维码拉近放大
2018-10-19 08:18 评论:0 阅读:494 river_hkh
ios AVFoundation 微信 支付宝 二维码 扫码

作者:程序鹅

链接:https://www.jianshu.com/p/080814eff67e

Work Hard, Play Hard, Live Life.

前言

生活中,我们都是使用支付宝支付,当我们再扫描一个较远的二维码过程中,我们会发现,镜头会自动放大很容易扫到二维码进行支付。看起来这么人性化的操作,又是什么原理,该怎么实现呢?扫码现在很常见, 很多App基本都具备扫码功能, 网上也有很多对iOS二维码的讲解, Github上也有很多事例、开源的代码,但是发现APP扫码功能上,自动拉近扫描二维码的这波神操作,很少涉及。本文简单介绍如何iOS原生如何实现扫描较小二维码过程中拉近放大。 先看看本文效果图: Demo效果图 对比支付宝扫码放大效果图: 支付宝

实现

从网络技术博客、Github上,我们都能很快实现一个二维码扫描功能,本文不再重复这些知识点。重点是如何拉近镜头和定位到二维码判断二维码大小。

iOS原生扫码

以下是iOS AVFoundation的扫码原理图。 原理图

拉近镜头

苹果提供了AVCaptureConnection中,videoScaleAndCropFactor:缩放裁剪系数,使用该属性,可以实现拉近拉远镜头。

- (void)setVideoScale:(CGFloat)scale{

 //注意改变设备属性前一定要首先调用lockForConfiguration:调用完之后使用unlockForConfiguration方法解锁
    [_input.device lockForConfiguration:nil];

    //获取放大最大倍数
    AVCaptureConnection *videoConnection = [self connectionWithMediaType:AVMediaTypeVideo fromConnections:[[self stillImageOutput] connections]];
    CGFloat maxScaleAndCropFactor = ([[self.stillImageOutput connectionWithMediaType:AVMediaTypeVideo] videoMaxScaleAndCropFactor])/16; 

    if (scale > maxScaleAndCropFactor)
        scale = maxScaleAndCropFactor;

    CGFloat zoom = scale / videoConnection.videoScaleAndCropFactor;

    videoConnection.videoScaleAndCropFactor = scale;

    [_input.device unlockForConfiguration];

    CGAffineTransform transform = _videoPreView.transform;
    [CATransaction begin];
    [CATransaction setAnimationDuration:.025];

     _videoPreView.transform = CGAffineTransformScale(transform, zoom, zoom);

    [CATransaction commit];

} 

实现步骤: 1、首先调用lockForConfiguration。 2、获取系统相机最大倍数,根据需求自定义MAX倍数。 3、改变videoScaleAndCropFactor。 4、unlockForConfiguration方法解锁。 5、将视图layer层放大对应的倍数。

1、注意改变设备属性前一定要首先调用lockForConfiguration:调用完之后使用unlockForConfiguration方法解锁。 2、the videoScaleAndCropFactor property may be set to a value in the range of 1.0 to videoMaxScaleAndCropFactor,videoScaleAndCropFactor这个属性取值范围是1.0-videoMaxScaleAndCropFactor,如果你设置超出范围会崩溃哦

二维码定位

我们都知道,原生扫描结果AVCaptureMetadataOutputObjectsDelegate是返回了一个数组,而数组里面是一个个的AVMetadataMachineReadableCodeObject,而AVMetadataMachineReadableCodeObject中有个corners数组,记录二维码的坐标。查阅了官方文档和相关资料,我们很容易联想到,通过corners来获取二维码的坐标,大小形状。

@@property corners
@abstract The points defining the (X,Y) locations of the corners of the machine-readable code.

@discussion
The value of this property is an NSArray of NSDictionaries, each of which has been created from a CGPoint using CGPointCreateDictionaryRepresentation(), representing the coordinates of the corners of the object with respect to the image in which it resides. If the metadata originates from video, the points may be expressed as scalar values from 0. - 1. The points in the corners differ from the bounds rectangle in that bounds is axis-aligned to orientation of the captured image, and the values of the corners reside within the bounds rectangle. The points are arranged in counter-clockwise order (clockwise if the code or image is mirrored), starting with the top-left of the code in its canonical orientation.

#pragma mark AVCaptureMetadataOutputObjectsDelegate
- (void)captureOutput:(AVCaptureOutput *)captureOutput didOutputMetadataObjects:(NSArray *)metadataObjects fromConnection:(AVCaptureConnection *)connection
{
    if (!bNeedScanResult) {
        return;
    }

    bNeedScanResult = NO;

    if (!_arrayResult) {

        self.arrayResult = [NSMutableArray arrayWithCapacity:1];
    }
    else
    {
        [_arrayResult removeAllObjects];
    }

    //识别扫码类型
    for(AVMetadataObject *current in metadataObjects)
    {
        if ([current isKindOfClass:[AVMetadataMachineReadableCodeObject class]] )
        {
            bNeedScanResult = NO;
            NSString *scannedResult = [(AVMetadataMachineReadableCodeObject *) current stringValue];

            if (scannedResult && ![scannedResult isEqualToString:@""])
            {
                [_arrayResult addObject:scannedResult];
            }
            //测试可以同时识别多个二维码
        }
    }

    if (_arrayResult.count < 1 xss=removed xss=removed xss=removed bHadAutoVideoZoom  =YES; xss=removed xss=removed xss=removed xss=removed xss=removed scace =150/(point2.x-point.x);> 1) {
        //实现动画效果
        for (CGFloat i= 1.0; i<=scace; i = i+0.001) {
            [self setVideoScale:i];
        }
    }
    return;
}

上代码块中changeVideoScale函数已将二维码位置和宽定位出来,根据需求当相机识别的二维码的宽少于150时,我们可以通过拉近镜头来实现放大二维码。

源码

上述是主要流程,完整的源码可以通过以下方式获取 1、 CocoaPods安装

pod 'RHScan'

2、RHScan

小结

本文使用iOS原生扫码实现如何扫码过程拉近镜头放大二维码,上述方法并无提高识别的速率,反而减慢了,如果要提高识别速度,可以从OpenCV识别二维码定位的方向考虑。如果你有更好的方法或方案麻烦告知。

iOS 模仿微信扫描二维码放大功能 iOS 扫描二维码实现手势拉近拉远镜头 iOS 识别过程中描绘二维码边框 RHScan

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