博客> iOS 原生库(AVFoundation)实现二维码扫描,封装的工具类,不依赖第三方库,可高度自定义扫描动画及界面(Swift 4.0)
iOS 原生库(AVFoundation)实现二维码扫描,封装的工具类,不依赖第三方库,可高度自定义扫描动画及界面(Swift 4.0)
2018-11-11 11:20 评论:0 阅读:116 yao7778899
AVFoundation 二维码扫描 原生不依赖第三库 swift4.0

Create QRScanner.swift file

//
//  QRScanner.swift
//  NativeQR
//
//  Created by Harvey on 2017/10/24.
//  Copyright © 2017年 Harvey. All rights reserved.
//

import Foundation
import AVFoundation
import UIKit

class QRScanner: NSObject {

    static let shared = QRScanner()

    private let captureSession = AVCaptureSession()
    private let videoPreviewLayer = AVCaptureVideoPreviewLayer()

    private var handleCompleted: ((String) -> ())? = nil

    private override init() {

        super.init()

        AVCaptureDevice.requestAccess(for: AVMediaType.video) { (isSuccess) in

            if isSuccess {

                self.prepare()
            }else {

                print("无权访问摄像机")
            }
        }
    }

    private func prepare() {

        guard let device = AVCaptureDevice.default(for: .video) else {

            print("获取摄像设备发生错误")
            return
        }

        guard let deviceInput = try? AVCaptureDeviceInput(device: device) else {

            print("创建设备输入流发生错误")
            return
        }

        // 创建数据输出流
        let metadataOutput = AVCaptureMetadataOutput()
        metadataOutput.setMetadataObjectsDelegate(self, queue: DispatchQueue.main)

        // 创建设备输出流
        let videoDataOutput = AVCaptureVideoDataOutput()
        videoDataOutput.setSampleBufferDelegate(self, queue: DispatchQueue.main)

        // 会话采集率: AVCaptureSessionPresetHigh
        captureSession.sessionPreset = .high

        // 添加数据输出流到会话对象
        captureSession.addOutput(metadataOutput)

        // 添加设备输出流到会话对象
        captureSession.addOutput(videoDataOutput)

        // 添加设备输入流到会话对象
        captureSession.addInput(deviceInput)

        // 设置数据输出类型
        metadataOutput.metadataObjectTypes = [
            .qr,        // 二维码
            .ean13,     // 条形码
            .ean8,      // 条形码
            .code128    // 条形码
        ]

        videoPreviewLayer.session = captureSession
        videoPreviewLayer.videoGravity = .resizeAspectFill
    }

    func scan(design: @escaping (_ previewLayer: CALayer)->()) -> Self {

        design(videoPreviewLayer)

        startRunning()

        return self
    }

    func completed(aCompleted: @escaping (_ value: String)->()) {

        self.handleCompleted = aCompleted
    }

    func startRunning() {

        captureSession.startRunning()
    }

    func stopRunning() {

        captureSession.stopRunning()
    }
}

extension QRScanner: AVCaptureMetadataOutputObjectsDelegate {

    func metadataOutput(_ output: AVCaptureMetadataOutput, didOutput metadataObjects: [AVMetadataObject], from connection: AVCaptureConnection) {

        guard metadataObjects.count>0 else{

            return
        }

        stopRunning()

        guard let stringValue = metadataObjects.first!.value(forKey: "stringValue") as? String else {

            return
        }

        handleCompleted?(stringValue)
    }
}

extension QRScanner: AVCaptureVideoDataOutputSampleBufferDelegate {

    func captureOutput(_ output: AVCaptureOutput, didDrop sampleBuffer: CMSampleBuffer, from connection: AVCaptureConnection) {

    }
}

使用示例

override func viewDidAppear(_ animated: Bool) {
    super.viewDidAppear(animated)

    QRScanner.shared
    .scan { (previewLayer) in

        /// 设置preview的frame
        let width = UIScreen.main.bounds.size.width - 100
        previewLayer.frame = CGRect(x: 50, y: 100, width: width, height: width)
        self.view.layer.insertSublayer(previewLayer, at: 0)

        // 你的扫描动画代码
        // ......
        // ......
    }
    .completed { (qrValue) in // 处理二维码

         print(qrValue)

        // 结束你的扫描动画代码
        // ......
        // ......
    }
}

代码及示例下载(有实现生成二维码) 前往

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