博客> WKWebView的使用
WKWebView的使用
2019-12-09 20:47 评论:0 阅读:517 wslcmk
WKWebView JS和OC的交互 网页加载进度

WKWebView的使用

前言

最近项目中的UIWebView被替换为了WKWebView,因此来总结一下WKWebView的使用。 示例Demo:WKWebView的使用 本文将从以下几方面介绍WKWebView:

  • 1、WKWebView涉及的一些类
  • 2、WKWebView涉及的代理方法
  • 3、网页内容加载进度条的实现
  • 4、JS和OC的交互
  • 5、本地HTML文件的实现

一、WKWebView涉及的一些类

  • WKWebView:网页的渲染与展示
    注意: #import <WebKit>
     //初始化
       _webView = [[WKWebView alloc] initWithFrame:CGRectMake(0, 0, SCREEN_WIDTH, SCREEN_HEIGHT) configuration:config];
        // UI代理
        _webView.UIDelegate = self;
        // 导航代理
        _webView.navigationDelegate = self;
        // 是否允许手势左滑返回上一级, 类似导航控制的左滑返回
        _webView.allowsBackForwardNavigationGestures = YES;
        //可返回的页面列表, 存储已打开过的网页 
       WKBackForwardList * backForwardList = [_webView backForwardList];

        //        NSMutableURLRequest *request = [NSMutableURLRequest requestWithURL:[NSURL URLWithString:@"http://www.chinadaily.com.cn"]];
        //        [request addValue:[self readCurrentCookieWithDomain:@"http://www.chinadaily.com.cn"] forHTTPHeaderField:@"Cookie"];
        //        [_webView loadRequest:request];
        //页面后退
        [_webView goBack];
        //页面前进
         [_webView goForward];
        //刷新当前页面
        [_webView reload];

        NSString *path = [[NSBundle mainBundle] pathForResource:@"JStoOC.html" ofType:nil];
        NSString *htmlString = [[NSString alloc]initWithContentsOfFile:path encoding:NSUTF8StringEncoding error:nil];
      //加载本地html文件
        [_webView loadHTMLString:htmlString baseURL:[NSURL fileURLWithPath:[[NSBundle mainBundle] bundlePath]]];
  • WKWebViewConfiguration:为添加WKWebView配置信息
       //创建网页配置对象
        WKWebViewConfiguration *config = [[WKWebViewConfiguration alloc] init];

        // 创建设置对象
        WKPreferences *preference = [[WKPreferences alloc]init];
        //最小字体大小 当将javaScriptEnabled属性设置为NO时,可以看到明显的效果
        preference.minimumFontSize = 0;
        //设置是否支持javaScript 默认是支持的
        preference.javaScriptEnabled = YES;
        // 在iOS上默认为NO,表示是否允许不经过用户交互由javaScript自动打开窗口
        preference.javaScriptCanOpenWindowsAutomatically = YES;
        config.preferences = preference;

        // 是使用h5的视频播放器在线播放, 还是使用原生播放器全屏播放
        config.allowsInlineMediaPlayback = YES;
        //设置视频是否需要用户手动播放  设置为NO则会允许自动播放
        config.requiresUserActionForMediaPlayback = YES;
        //设置是否允许画中画技术 在特定设备上有效
        config.allowsPictureInPictureMediaPlayback = YES;
        //设置请求的User-Agent信息中应用程序名称 iOS9后可用
        config.applicationNameForUserAgent = @"ChinaDailyForiPad";
         //自定义的WKScriptMessageHandler 是为了解决内存不释放的问题
        WeakWebViewScriptMessageDelegate *weakScriptMessageDelegate = [[WeakWebViewScriptMessageDelegate alloc] initWithDelegate:self];
        //这个类主要用来做native与JavaScript的交互管理
        WKUserContentController * wkUController = [[WKUserContentController alloc] init];
        //注册一个name为jsToOcNoPrams的js方法
        [wkUController addScriptMessageHandler:weakScriptMessageDelegate  name:@"jsToOcNoPrams"];
        [wkUController addScriptMessageHandler:weakScriptMessageDelegate  name:@"jsToOcWithPrams"]; 
       config.userContentController = wkUController;
  • WKUserScript:用于进行JavaScript注入
    //以下代码适配文本大小,由UIWebView换为WKWebView后,会发现字体小了很多,这应该是WKWebView与html的兼容问题,解决办法是修改原网页,要么我们手动注入JS
        NSString *jSString = @"var meta = document.createElement('meta'); meta.setAttribute('name', 'viewport'); meta.setAttribute('content', 'width=device-width'); document.getElementsByTagName('head')[0].appendChild(meta);";
        //用于进行JavaScript注入
        WKUserScript *wkUScript = [[WKUserScript alloc] initWithSource:jSString injectionTime:WKUserScriptInjectionTimeAtDocumentEnd forMainFrameOnly:YES];
        [config.userContentController addUserScript:wkUScript];
  • WKUserContentController:这个类主要用来做native与JavaScript的交互管理

      //这个类主要用来做native与JavaScript的交互管理
        WKUserContentController * wkUController = [[WKUserContentController alloc] init];
        //注册一个name为jsToOcNoPrams的js方法,设置处理接收JS方法的代理
        [wkUController addScriptMessageHandler:self  name:@"jsToOcNoPrams"];
        [wkUController addScriptMessageHandler:self  name:@"jsToOcWithPrams"];
        config.userContentController = wkUController;
       //用完记得移除
       //移除注册的js方法
        [[_webView configuration].userContentController removeScriptMessageHandlerForName:@"jsToOcNoPrams"];
       [[_webView configuration].userContentController removeScriptMessageHandlerForName:@"jsToOcWithPrams"];
  • WKScriptMessageHandler:这个协议类专门用来处理监听JavaScript方法从而调用原生OC方法,和WKUserContentController搭配使用。
注意:遵守WKScriptMessageHandler协议,代理是由WKUserContentControl设置

   //通过接收JS传出消息的name进行捕捉的回调方法
- (void)userContentController:(WKUserContentController *)userContentController didReceiveScriptMessage:(WKScriptMessage *)message{
    NSLog(@"name:%@\\\\n body:%@\\\\n frameInfo:%@\\\\n",message.name,message.body,message.frameInfo);
    //用message.body获得JS传出的参数体
    NSDictionary * parameter = message.body;
    //JS调用OC
    if([message.name isEqualToString:@"jsToOcNoPrams"]){
        UIAlertController *alertController = [UIAlertController alertControllerWithTitle:@"js调用到了oc" message:@"不带参数" preferredStyle:UIAlertControllerStyleAlert];
        [alertController addAction:([UIAlertAction actionWithTitle:@"OK" style:UIAlertActionStyleDefault handler:^(UIAlertAction * _Nonnull action) {
        }])];
        [self presentViewController:alertController animated:YES completion:nil];

    }else if([message.name isEqualToString:@"jsToOcWithPrams"]){
        UIAlertController *alertController = [UIAlertController alertControllerWithTitle:@"js调用到了oc" message:parameter[@"params"] preferredStyle:UIAlertControllerStyleAlert];
        [alertController addAction:([UIAlertAction actionWithTitle:@"OK" style:UIAlertActionStyleDefault handler:^(UIAlertAction * _Nonnull action) {
        }])];
        [self presentViewController:alertController animated:YES completion:nil];
    }
}

二、WKWebView涉及的代理方法

  • WKNavigationDelegate :主要处理一些跳转、加载处理操作

    // 页面开始加载时调用
- (void)webView:(WKWebView *)webView didStartProvisionalNavigation:(WKNavigation *)navigation {
}
    // 页面加载失败时调用
- (void)webView:(WKWebView *)webView didFailProvisionalNavigation:(null_unspecified WKNavigation *)navigation withError:(NSError *)error {
    [self.progressView setProgress:0.0f animated:NO];
} 
    // 当内容开始返回时调用
- (void)webView:(WKWebView *)webView didCommitNavigation:(WKNavigation *)navigation {
}
    // 页面加载完成之后调用
- (void)webView:(WKWebView *)webView didFinishNavigation:(WKNavigation *)navigation {
    [self getCookie];
}
    //提交发生错误时调用
- (void)webView:(WKWebView *)webView didFailNavigation:(WKNavigation *)navigation withError:(NSError *)error {
    [self.progressView setProgress:0.0f animated:NO];
}  
   // 接收到服务器跳转请求即服务重定向时之后调用
- (void)webView:(WKWebView *)webView didReceiveServerRedirectForProvisionalNavigation:(WKNavigation *)navigation {
}
    // 根据WebView对于即将跳转的HTTP请求头信息和相关信息来决定是否跳转
- (void)webView:(WKWebView *)webView decidePolicyForNavigationAction:(WKNavigationAction *)navigationAction decisionHandler:(void (^)(WKNavigationActionPolicy))decisionHandler {

    NSString * urlStr = navigationAction.request.URL.absoluteString;
    NSLog(@"发送跳转请求:%@",urlStr);
    //自己定义的协议头
    NSString *htmlHeadString = @"github://";
    if([urlStr hasPrefix:htmlHeadString]){
        UIAlertController *alertController = [UIAlertController alertControllerWithTitle:@"通过截取URL调用OC" message:@"你想前往我的Github主页?" preferredStyle:UIAlertControllerStyleAlert];
        [alertController addAction:([UIAlertAction actionWithTitle:@"取消" style:UIAlertActionStyleCancel handler:^(UIAlertAction * _Nonnull action) {   
        }])];
        [alertController addAction:([UIAlertAction actionWithTitle:@"打开" style:UIAlertActionStyleDefault handler:^(UIAlertAction * _Nonnull action) {
            NSURL * url = [NSURL URLWithString:[urlStr stringByReplacingOccurrencesOfString:@"github://callName_?" withString:@""]];
            [[UIApplication sharedApplication] openURL:url];
        }])];
        [self presentViewController:alertController animated:YES completion:nil];
        decisionHandler(WKNavigationActionPolicyCancel);
    }else{
        decisionHandler(WKNavigationActionPolicyAllow);
    }
}

    // 根据客户端受到的服务器响应头以及response相关信息来决定是否可以跳转
- (void)webView:(WKWebView *)webView decidePolicyForNavigationResponse:(WKNavigationResponse *)navigationResponse decisionHandler:(void (^)(WKNavigationResponsePolicy))decisionHandler{
    NSString * urlStr = navigationResponse.response.URL.absoluteString;
    NSLog(@"当前跳转地址:%@",urlStr);
    //允许跳转
    decisionHandler(WKNavigationResponsePolicyAllow);
    //不允许跳转
    //decisionHandler(WKNavigationResponsePolicyCancel);
} 
    //需要响应身份验证时调用 同样在block中需要传入用户身份凭证
- (void)webView:(WKWebView *)webView didReceiveAuthenticationChallenge:(NSURLAuthenticationChallenge *)challenge completionHandler:(void (^)(NSURLSessionAuthChallengeDisposition disposition, NSURLCredential * _Nullable credential))completionHandler{
    //用户身份信息
    NSURLCredential * newCred = [[NSURLCredential alloc] initWithUser:@"user123" password:@"123" persistence:NSURLCredentialPersistenceNone];
    //为 challenge 的发送方提供 credential
    [challenge.sender useCredential:newCred forAuthenticationChallenge:challenge];
    completionHandler(NSURLSessionAuthChallengeUseCredential,newCred);
}
    //进程被终止时调用
- (void)webViewWebContentProcessDidTerminate:(WKWebView *)webView{
}
  • WKUIDelegate :主要处理JS脚本,确认框,警告框等

 /**
     *  web界面中有弹出警告框时调用
     *
     *  @param webView           实现该代理的webview
     *  @param message           警告框中的内容
     *  @param completionHandler 警告框消失调用
     */
- (void)webView:(WKWebView *)webView runJavaScriptAlertPanelWithMessage:(NSString *)message initiatedByFrame:(WKFrameInfo *)frame completionHandler:(void (^)(void))completionHandler {
    UIAlertController *alertController = [UIAlertController alertControllerWithTitle:@"HTML的弹出框" message:message?:@"" preferredStyle:UIAlertControllerStyleAlert];
    [alertController addAction:([UIAlertAction actionWithTitle:@"OK" style:UIAlertActionStyleDefault handler:^(UIAlertAction * _Nonnull action) {
        completionHandler();
    }])];
    [self presentViewController:alertController animated:YES completion:nil];
}
    // 确认框
    //JavaScript调用confirm方法后回调的方法 confirm是js中的确定框,需要在block中把用户选择的情况传递进去
- (void)webView:(WKWebView *)webView runJavaScriptConfirmPanelWithMessage:(NSString *)message initiatedByFrame:(WKFrameInfo *)frame completionHandler:(void (^)(BOOL))completionHandler{
    UIAlertController *alertController = [UIAlertController alertControllerWithTitle:@"" message:message?:@"" preferredStyle:UIAlertControllerStyleAlert];
    [alertController addAction:([UIAlertAction actionWithTitle:@"Cancel" style:UIAlertActionStyleCancel handler:^(UIAlertAction * _Nonnull action) {
        completionHandler(NO);
    }])];
    [alertController addAction:([UIAlertAction actionWithTitle:@"OK" style:UIAlertActionStyleDefault handler:^(UIAlertAction * _Nonnull action) {
        completionHandler(YES);
    }])];
    [self presentViewController:alertController animated:YES completion:nil];
}
    // 输入框
    //JavaScript调用prompt方法后回调的方法 prompt是js中的输入框 需要在block中把用户输入的信息传入
- (void)webView:(WKWebView *)webView runJavaScriptTextInputPanelWithPrompt:(NSString *)prompt defaultText:(NSString *)defaultText initiatedByFrame:(WKFrameInfo *)frame completionHandler:(void (^)(NSString * _Nullable))completionHandler{
    UIAlertController *alertController = [UIAlertController alertControllerWithTitle:prompt message:@"" preferredStyle:UIAlertControllerStyleAlert];
    [alertController addTextFieldWithConfigurationHandler:^(UITextField * _Nonnull textField) {
        textField.text = defaultText;
    }];
    [alertController addAction:([UIAlertAction actionWithTitle:@"OK" style:UIAlertActionStyleDefault handler:^(UIAlertAction * _Nonnull action) {
        completionHandler(alertController.textFields[0].text?:@"");
    }])];
    [self presentViewController:alertController animated:YES completion:nil];
}
    // 页面是弹出窗口 _blank 处理
- (WKWebView *)webView:(WKWebView *)webView createWebViewWithConfiguration:(WKWebViewConfiguration *)configuration forNavigationAction:(WKNavigationAction *)navigationAction windowFeatures:(WKWindowFeatures *)windowFeatures {
    if (!navigationAction.targetFrame.isMainFrame) {
        [webView loadRequest:navigationAction.request];
    }
    return nil;
}

三、网页内容加载进度条的实现

   //添加监测网页加载进度的观察者
    [self.webView addObserver:self
                   forKeyPath:NSStringFromSelector(@"estimatedProgress")
                      options:0
                      context:nil];
   //添加监测网页标题title的观察者
    [self.webView addObserver:self
                   forKeyPath:@"title"
                      options:NSKeyValueObservingOptionNew
                      context:nil];

   //kvo 监听进度 必须实现此方法
-(void)observeValueForKeyPath:(NSString *)keyPath
                     ofObject:(id)object
                       change:(NSDictionary<NSKeyValueChangeKey> *)change
                      context:(void *)context{
    if ([keyPath isEqualToString:NSStringFromSelector(@selector(estimatedProgress))]
        && object == _webView) {
       NSLog(@"网页加载进度 = %f",_webView.estimatedProgress);
        self.progressView.progress = _webView.estimatedProgress;
        if (_webView.estimatedProgress >= 1.0f) {
            dispatch_after(dispatch_time(DISPATCH_TIME_NOW, (int64_t)(0.3 * NSEC_PER_SEC)), dispatch_get_main_queue(), ^{
                self.progressView.progress = 0;
            });
        } 
    }else if([keyPath isEqualToString:@"title"]
             && object == _webView){
        self.navigationItem.title = _webView.title;
    }else{
        [super observeValueForKeyPath:keyPath
                             ofObject:object
                               change:change
                              context:context];
    }
}
    //移除观察者
    [_webView removeObserver:self
                  forKeyPath:NSStringFromSelector(@selector(estimatedProgress))];
    [_webView removeObserver:self
                  forKeyPath:NSStringFromSelector(@selector(title))];

四、JS和OC的交互

  • JS调用OC

这个实现主要是依靠WKScriptMessageHandler协议类和WKUserContentController两个类:WKUserContentController对象负责注册JS方法,设置处理接收JS方法的代理,代理遵守WKScriptMessageHandler,实现捕捉到JS消息的回调方法,详情可以看第一步中对这两个类的介绍。

  • OC调用JS


 //OC调用JS  changeColor()是JS方法名,completionHandler是异步回调block
    NSString *jsString = [NSString stringWithFormat:@"changeColor('%@')", @"Js参数"];
    [_webView evaluate[removed]jsString completionHandler:^(id _Nullable data, NSError * _Nullable error) {
        NSLog(@"改变HTML的背景色");
    }];

    //改变字体大小 调用原生JS方法
    NSString *jsFont = [NSString stringWithFormat:@"document.getElementsByTagName('body')[0].style.webkitTextSizeAdjust= '%d%%'", arc4random()
收藏
0
sina weixin mail 回到顶部