博客> GameplayKit的GKStateMachine用法与实例
GameplayKit的GKStateMachine用法与实例
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GamePlayKit GKStateMachine GKState

GKStateMachine

玩家进入GameScene场景中 -> 通过GKStateMachine进入到指定的游戏状态GKState

在GameScene场景中 -> 根据不同的逻辑调用GKStateMachine -> 在各个不同的游戏状态GKState之间进行切换

源码如下:

一、GameScene.swft

import SpriteKit
import GameplayKit

class GameScene: SKScene,SKPhysicsContactDelegate {

    //MARK: - StateMachine 场景中各个舞台State
    lazy var stateMachine:GKStateMachine = GKStateMachine(states: [
        WaitingState(scene: self),
        PlayState(scene: self),
        GameOverState(scene: self)])

override func didMove(to view: SKView) {
 stateMachine.enter(MenuState.self) // 进入MenuState
}

   func restartGame(){
        let newScene = GameScene(fileNamed: "GameScene")!
        newScene.size = CGSize(width: SCENE_WIDTH, height: SCENE_HEIGHT)
        newScene.anchorPoint = CGPoint(x: 0, y: 0)
        newScene.scaleMode   = .aspectFill
        let transition = SKTransition.crossFade(withDuration: TimeInterval(0.5))
        view?.presentScene(newScene, transition:transition)
        //reload GameScene 直接进入游戏状态;
        newScene.stateMachine.enter(PlayState.self)
    }

override func touchesBegan(_ touches: Set<UITouch>, with event: UIEvent?) {
        guard let touch = touches.first else {
            return
        }
        // 当 physicsWorld.body(at: touchLocation)为nil时
        // 采用atPoint 取得场景中的的精灵
        let touchLocation = touch.location(in: self) ///获得点击的位置
        let nodeAtPoint = self.atPoint(touchLocation) //返回SKNode
        /// 判断目前的GameScene场景舞台是哪个state
        switch stateMachine.currentState {
        case is WaitingState:

            /// 判断是否是点击了PlayButton
            if nodeAtPoint.name == "playButton" {
                stateMachine.enter(PlayState.self)
            }

            if nodeAtPoint.name == "learnTemp" {
                print("weird")
                UIApplication.shared.open(URL(string: "http://www.iFIERO.com")!, options: convertToUIApplicationOpenExternalURLOptionsKeyDictionary([:]), completionHandler: { (error) in
                    print("jump to http://www.iFiero.com")
                })
            }

        case is PlayState:
            //挑战:判断是否是点击了暂停按钮 PauseButton
            //            if nodeAtPoint.name == "pauseButton" {
            //                stateMachine.enter(PauseState.self)
            //            }
            break;
        case is GameOverState:

            if nodeAtPoint.name == "tapToPlay" {
                restartGame()
            }

        default:
            break;
        }
    }

  //MARK: - 时时更新
    override func update(_ currentTime: TimeInterval) {
        /// 获取时间差
        if lastUpdateTimeInterval == 0 {
            lastUpdateTimeInterval = currentTime
        }
        dt = currentTime - lastUpdateTimeInterval
        lastUpdateTimeInterval = currentTime
        stateMachine.update(deltaTime: dt)  // 调用所有State内的update方法
    }

}

二、MenuState.swft

//
//  MenuState.swift
//  Copyright © 2018 iFiero. All rights reserved.
//

import SpriteKit
import GameplayKit

class MenuState:GKState {

    // 必须引入场景(如:GameScene)
    unowned let scene:GameScene

    // 执行didEnter前,可在init()初始化代码
    init(scene:SKScene){
        self.scene = scene as! GameScene
        super.init()
        print("Menu State")
    }
    // 进入当前状态时触发
    override func didEnter(from previousState: GKState?) {

    }
    // 离开当前状态时触发
    override func willExit(to nextState: GKState) {

    }
    /* 返回一个布尔值
     * 该值指示当前处于该状态的状态机是否允许转换到指定状态
     * 通俗点讲就是:如果stateMachine(状态机)的状态是PlayState,那么就从MenuState状态转到PlayState状态
    */
    override func isValidNextState(_ stateClass: AnyClass) -> Bool {
        return stateClass is PlayState.Type
    }

    // Execute Update Per Frame,游戏运行过程中的每一帧都会执行
    // 但须在GameScene update内调用stateMachine.update()
    override func update(deltaTime seconds: TimeInterval) {

    }
}

三、PlayingState.swft

import SpriteKit
import GameplayKit

class PlayState:GKState {
    unowned let scene:GameScene

    init(scene:SKScene){
        self.scene = scene as! GameScene
        super.init()
        print("Play State")
    }

    override func didEnter(from previousState: GKState?) {

    }

    // 挑战:创建游戏暂停GKState状态 PauseState.swift
    // return (stateClass == PauseState.self) || (stateClass == GameOverState.self)
    override func isValidNextState(_ stateClass: AnyClass) -> Bool {
        return stateClass is GameOverState.Type

    }

    // Excute Update Per Frame
    override func update(deltaTime seconds: TimeInterval) {
        // update 用于判断球的速度是否过快,如果太快了则设置linearDamping的阻力
    }

}

四、GameOverState.swft

import SpriteKit
import GameplayKit

class GameOverState:GKState {

    unowned let scene:GameScene
    init(scene:SKScene){
        self.scene = scene as! GameScene
        super.init()
    }

    override func didEnter(from previousState: GKState?) {
        print("GameOver State 游戏结束")
    }

    override func isValidNextState(_ stateClass: AnyClass) -> Bool {
        return stateClass is PlayState.Type
       // return (stateClass == PlayState.self) || (stateClass == MenuState.self)
    }
}

更多游戏教学:http://www.iFIERO.com -- 为游戏开发深感自豪

源码传送门:https://github.com/apiapia/BreakOutGameVansVTutorial

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